Shōjo, shojo or shoujo (少女 shōjo?) is a Japanese word originally derived from a Chinese expression written with the same characters.[nb 1] The Chinese characters (少 and 女) literally mean young/little and woman respectively. In Japanese, these kanji refer specifically to a young woman approximately 7–18 years old. Shōjo can often be translated with the English word girl.
Like most kanji compounds, the term shōjo is borrowed from Classical Chinese characters. The term 少女 is pronounced shào nǚ in Mandarin (pinyin romanization), so nyŏ in Korean (McCune-Reischauer romanization), and shōjo in Japanese (Hepburn romanization).
Translation: The myth of Yao: the country is being invaded by barbarians, the king is looking for warriors who are capable of taking the head of the general of the invading army, and for this the king will award (a) thousand Yi  of gold, (a) myriad of houses and young girl(s) as their wife/wives.
In the 7th century, the word was introduced into the Japanese language through the adoption of the Chinese-style Ritsuryō legal system, where it referred to females between the ages of 17 and 20.
In Japan, the word shōjo has many applications outside of the law. It refers to anything of, for, or about school-age girls. Examples includeshōjo manga, shōjo culture, shōjo novels, shōjo hobbies, and shōjo fashions, among others.